Diseases of eggplant
There are two diseases of eggplant that are considered the most dangerous; they are late blight and tobacco mosaic. To prevent any diseases, before planting plants in the ground, it is advisable to treat it with one of the preparations that contains copper, and repeat the procedure after rooting the seedlings.
Late blight. The disease affects the stems, fruits and leaves of eggplants, manifests itself through the appearance of brown-brown spots, which have completely different shapes and sizes. If the air is humid, then a white bloom is added on the underside of the leaves, and the leaves themselves rot or become brittle and dry out. Fruits are disfigured with vague, hard brown or brown spots, with the development of the disease, eggplants rot.
Late blight is fought with the help of any copper-containing or zinc-containing preparations.
For the prevention of late blight:
- fertilize plants with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers;
- the seeds must be soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for half an hour before sowing;
- if potatoes grow on the site, then when a disease appears on it, immediately treat the eggplants with a copper-containing preparation.
Tobacco mosaic. A disease that occurs as a result of a virus or due to a lack of trace elements. It manifests itself through the clarification of the leaves, they become green-yellow with a mosaic pattern.
When a disease appears, it is necessary to feed the plant, but if there is no improvement within seven days, then the affected plant must be removed and burned.
Eggplant diseases such as:
- black leg, caused by a fungus and affecting the root collar;
- black spot, caused by bacteria and affecting any part of the plant;
- white rot caused by a fungus and affecting the root system, stems, fruits.
After working with affected plants, all tools involved must be disinfected.