How to grow hazelnuts from walnuts - simple and effective tips
Nuts have a large amount of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Walnut is considered one of the most useful, but it is not inferior to it. hazelnut... Walnuts grow in almost every garden, but growing another tree with similar fruits is a rather laborious process. But following the simple rules for growing and caring, you can plant hazelnuts on your site and enjoy its fruits.
- General information about hazelnuts
- Hazelnut care
- Pruning and shaping the bush
- Growing from walnut
- Diseases and pests
Hazelnut Is a perennial plant that grows as a bush. Its height can reach 3-5 meters, depending on the variety, place of growth and shape. On one hazelnut bush, both male inflorescences are formed, which can be seen in the form of earrings, and female, which in appearance do not differ from ordinary buds.
In bushes of the same variety, male catkins bloom in early spring and bloom within 1-2 weeks. Female buds open together with the leaves, already when the earrings have completely faded. Therefore, if one variety grows on the site, then it will not be able to pollinate itself and the tree will be sterile. Gardeners recommend planting 5-7 varieties next to each other, which will be inter-pollinated.
The hazelnut fruit is a small rounded nut with a wooden shell and a sweetish core inside.
Hazelnut is an unpretentious plant and can often be found in deciduous forests in the wild. Care it will not be difficult to follow, and the delicious fruits will bring joy and taste pleasure to the whole family and guests. Also hazelnut bushes decorate the site.
When choosing a planting site for a hazelnut bush, it is necessary to take into account that the plant requires good sunlight and heat. Therefore, the southern areas are selected, without large trees and structures that can create shade during the day. The soil should be fertile, loose and well-drained. Places with high groundwater levels are not suitable.
Hazelnut is a moisture-loving plant, but it does not tolerate waterlogging of the soil.
This can lead to fungal diseases and root rot. Therefore to watering it is necessary to be careful and add water as needed and depending on the weather. After that, it is recommended to loosen the ground around the bush and mulch it.
Top dressing hazelnut bushes must be carried out annually:
- Complex mineral fertilizers.
- It is also recommended to feed the plant with organic matter at least once every 2 years. For this, you can use pre-prepared compost or humus.
To plant a seedling, you need to prepare a recess. Gardeners recommend doing this as follows: in the process of digging, divide the land of different levels, the top layer separately, the middle one in the other direction. If the lower part is clayey, it must be completely removed, replacing it with more fertile soil. The size of the pit must be washed at least 90 cm in all directions. At the bottom, it is necessary to lay out the top layer of soil, which was removed during excavation. This is done in such a way that the grass lies with its roots up.Good soil is mixed with humus, wood ash and mineral complex fertilizers.
The resulting substrate is smoothed into a pit, a seedling is placed on top of it. It is recommended that in the presence of bare roots, wet them first in a chatterbox. When the bush is installed, the remaining prepared soil is poured on top and compacted well. If the plant has its own earthen ball, then it should be installed at ground level. After planting, the hazelnuts are well watered and mulch grass, sawdust, peat or compost. This will allow you to retain moisture for a longer time and will provide additional nutrition to the plant.
For the good development of the plant, the correct formation of the bush and fruitful fruiting, it is necessary to carry out a preventive and sometimes rejuvenating pruning... The thickening of the bush should not be allowed, as this can reduce the amount of nut ovary.
During pruning, old and diseased branches are removed, as well as excess shoots.
After the end of the process, 6-7 strong trunks should remain on one bush, which are directed in different directions and are located as far as possible from each other. The first pruning is recommended as early as the 4th year of the plant's life.
Many gardeners know how to grow hazelnut from walnut, but this method is mainly used by breeders. The reason for this is that the resulting plants basically never inherit the maternal characteristics, the fruits can only appear after 10 years. Basically, such seedlings are used in landscaping the site.
- To propagate hazelnuts using walnut only well-ripened and undamaged fruits are selected.
- Before sowing, they are subjected to stratification for 5 months. To do this, mix with the selected fruits in wet sand and fall asleep in a box, which is placed in a basement or any other dark and cool place.
- The temperature is maintained within 1-5 degrees Celsius. In order to prevent the nuts from rotting, they must be mixed every week, while taking away the spoiled material and, if necessary, adding additional moisture to the sand.
- Prepared nuts can be sown both in autumn and spring. At the same time, pre-dig and fertilize the place where the landing will be carried out.
- The depth of the groove in the fall is made up to 8 cm, in the spring it can be as much as 5 cm.
- Crop care is the same as for bushes. Timely watering and loosening of the soil, periodic feeding and insulation for the winter.
- After 1.5-2 years, a small hazelnut can be transferred to a permanent place of growth.
In addition to the seed method, the bushes can be propagated vegetatively, for example, by layering. To do this, in the spring, when there are already leaves on the branches, a well-ripened young branch is selected. A 15 cm depression is dug near the bush, in which the middle part of the selected shoot is strengthened with a bracket.
With vegetative propagation, the resulting tree begins to bear fruit already at the 4th year of its life, a bush grown by the seed method will bear fruit only for 7-8 years.
The top of the branch should look out of the groove and must be tied to the support. The hole with the attached part is buried with earth mixed with humus, well watered and mulched. After 2-3 years, the daughter plant can be separated from the mother bush and transferred to another place.
Hazelnut bushes are resistant to diseases, but with improper care, regular over-watering and waterlogging of the soil, problems can arise. Fungal diseases that will need to be treated with special preparations, while simultaneously drying the soil and removing damaged parts of the plant.
Against pests it is necessary to process the plants 2-3 times annually, starting in early spring and repeating during the season as needed.
Hazelnut - this is a nut, which is 65% oil, also contains a large amount of proteins and carbohydrates. The fruits are often used in the confectionery industry, both whole and crushed. Hazelnuts are added to chocolate, Turkish delight, cakes and many other sweets. The oil squeezed from these nuts also has many positive qualities, has a pleasant aroma and does not dry out.
It is used in cooking, cosmetology and pharmaceuticals.
Possesses powerful anti-cholesterol properties, it is useful raw, as it has saturated amino acids. Hazelnuts are used not only in cooking and confectionery. The bark, leaves and wrapper of nuts are used as medicines. They have anti-inflammatory effects, dilate blood vessels, and are used as emollients and coatings.
More information can be found in the video.